How to cultivate mushrooms and get them to grow

Mushrooms are enigmatic fungi that emerge in the most inconvenient locations, like in the center of the lawn.

Mushrooms are enigmatic fungi that emerge in the most inconvenient locations, like in the center of the lawn. Mushrooms are the fruit of a fungus (named Mycelium) that grows underground, inside trees, or in rotting logs, and you don’t usually see them until they fruit.

To begin cultivating your own mushrooms, you must first get mushroom spores. The spores are tiny, yet they hold the blueprint for fresh mushroom development. Because a mature mushroom contains up to 16 billion spores, we have lots of opportunity to propagate our own.

Spore collection

All you need to harvest your own spores is a mushroom, some paper, and a piece of glass. Carefully remove the mushroom’s stem and any skirt that may be present to protect the gills in the mushroom head.

All you need is the top of the mushroom with the gills showing on the underside to take the spore print. Place the mushroom on the paper with the gills facing down and cover with a glass. Allow this to sit for 24 hours.

Remove the glass and carefully raise the mushroom when you return. The spores will have dropped from the cap, and you should notice a print on the paper that looks like the mushroom’s gill pattern. This is the spore print, from which you may grow your own mushrooms. Keep the print in a sealed bag in a cold, dry, dark location until ready to grow.

Spore cultivation

If you have a spore print (as a result of completing the methods above), you may use it to nurture and develop your mushrooms. This may be accomplished by making a spore syringe in which the spores are re-hydrated with sterile water and then used to inoculate the growth media.

To make a spore syringe, you must operate in a sterile atmosphere and with distilled water that has been boiled two or three times to remove any microorganisms. Hold your syringe needle in a flame for a few seconds to ensure that it is sterile.

Fill the syringe body with some of the cooled, sterile water. Scrape the spores from your spore print into a sterile glass using a syringe needle. Half of the water from the syringe should be poured into the glass. Return the spore water to the syringe.

At this time, you should see that the water has become somewhat discolored, and you may even see some floating spore clusters. After that, you may utilize the spore water to inoculate your growth medium.

The F+ Spore Syringe is an injection kit that contains the spores of the mushroom. The kit is designed to inoculate logs, stumps, and blocks of hardwood with the mycelium of mushrooms.

Spores that are germinating

Because the spores lack chlorophyll, they must feed on things other than light in order to germinate. Sawdust and straw, as well as wooden plugs and grain, are all suitable ingredients. The kind of mushroom determines the best material since various species of mushrooms grow in different materials (the substrate), ranging from straw to wood chips.

The spawn is a mixture of spores and nutrients delivered by the appropriate ingredient. Mycelium may grow thanks to the spawn. Mycelium is the fungus that produces mushrooms during fruiting. Fruiting is stronger and mushrooms are more numerous when the spawn is combined with a substrate.

Kits for cultivating mushrooms

As can be seen, growing mushrooms has several phases that might be difficult for a beginner, which is why it’s a good idea to start growing mushrooms at home with a Grow Your Own Mushrooms kit. Mushroom growing kits are available for purchase based on the sort of mushrooms you want to cultivate and include everything you need to effectively produce your own mushrooms.

Because oyster mushrooms grow on straw, an oyster mushroom kit would comprise a breathable bag of straw, mushroom spawn, and a bag tie. Button mushrooms thrive in a pan of composted manure, which is the substrate provided with your package.


Wow! I never thought that cultivating mushrooms was such an interesting ordeal. Of course though, the ordeal to smoke mushrooms is pretty similar. It’s not half as interesting as the cultivating process.