dictionary

foodcoop
A foodcoop is a group of people who order their food together from wholesale market or local farmers, and to get better prices and conditions. They share the work of ordering, doing storage and finances etc, that usually the shop would do for them.

csa
see community supported agriculture

community supported agriculture
that is when a community of people guarantees a farmer to regularly buy a certain amount of food from him, which makes it easier for him to calculate his need for production and his finances, and avoids overproduction and dependeny of farmers from wholesale markets and big companies.

farming cooperative
a group of people are renting/buying/using a piece of land together to plant their own food there.

community garden
a garden in the ciy or the countryside, which people use together to plant food, or to meet and hang out. There is also generation spanning gardens.

couchsurfing.org
an ngo that provides software for a hospitality exchange network. The term has been getting quite common for saying "to sleep over at someones place. see , even when the contact was not made via couchsurfing.org. Also see hospitality exchange network.

hospitalityclub.org
an ngo that provides software for a hospitality exchange network. See also hospitality exchange network.

bewelcome.org
a new hospitality exchange network that aims to create a structure more participative, decentral and transparent than couchsurfing and hospitalityclub.
see also hospitality exchange network.

hospitality exchange network
a network in which travellers offer each other sleeping places, guides through their city, etc, to other travellers for free. Now mainly organised in the Internet, as by couchsurfing,org, hospitalityclub.org, bewelcome.org. Before that there was also hospitality networks in paper form (some still exist). Also see couchsurfing.org, hospitalityclub.org, bewelcome.org

freecycle.org
an international network for gift economy of things that people do not use any more. The “virtual freeshop” organises via local mailinglists. You can send messages: “I want to give away …” or “I search for …”

finance collective
a group of people who share their money. There is different forms of organising them: people sharing all their money, or creating “fonds”, for instance for healthcare, food, car, … A well-known example would be shared household budget in a flatshare. Also see pool economy

freeshop
A place where people can bring things they do not use any more, for others to use for free. Space for it may be squatted, rented, or in temporary use owned by someone who does not need it.

gift economy
a form of economic system which works without money. People are giving things as a gift and not expecting anyhing back as a direct exchange from that person. Usually they trust they will get something back from a strong community. An advantage of this form of organisation is that people do only things they really want to do. Examples are sharing ressources in within families and strong friendships, open source software, open content (wikipedia) and free licenses in general, or hospitality exchange networks. Also see peer economy, freeshop, freecycle, hospitality exchange networks, open source

open source
A term from software development which means that the code of a software is open for everyone to reuse for other purposes. The advantages are that the software can be used for free, and that bugs (mistakes) in the code can be found quicker, as more people are thinking about and working on it. Communities of developers who wan to support an idea gather around a software project and help to improve it. This is why even big companies are putting their code open source today. A well-known example of open source projects is Linux. But there is lots of other free software. The term spreads and is geting used also for for “hardware” under free licenses. Also see free licenses, open content, peer economy

anti-copywrite
As copyright is causing a lot of trouble in this planet (see GMO), there are people who use anti-copyright for their inventions and publications. Also see open source, open content and free licenses. The texts from this brochure are all anti-copyright, except the one on page (agave museum)

open content
describes the knowledge which is available for free under free licenses, mainly in the internet. A well-known open content project is wikipedia.
Also see open source, anti-copyright and free licenses.

free licenses
The term is mainly used for free software and open content, And means licenses which put inventions and publications under anti-copyright, to make them common property and prevent big companies or private people from privatising them. Usually the license sais that all further developments have to be put under a free license again. There is different types of free licenses, like e.g. licenses who exclude military use.

freeconomy
a word i read first at justfortheloveofit.org , which i pretty like and took over. It is the same as gift or pool economy. So chack also gift economy and pool economy.

l.e.t.s.
Local Exchange Trade systems are networks of people who introduce a parallel currency in their region. Many groups work with “points” (which people get for an hour of work for instance). LETS can boost the local economy, and help to create a more social business, as usually the don’t work with different wages for different jobs. Some groups use the antitethic approach to the interest system: money is not getting worth more when you store it, but has an expiration date. So you always keep it moving and make it impossible for people hoarding loads of it. Also see exchange economy

exchange economy
When they hear the word “exchange economy” most people think about cows being traded against apples. But actually our money based system is just another type of exchange economy. Exchange economy means, that you practise direct exchange: something you give against something else you get. Money is nothing else than a tool in within an exchange economy system. The opposite of exchange economy is a gift or pool economy, in which there is no direct exchange of goods. Also see gift economy, pool economy, and l.e.t.s

wwoof
An international network of organic farms for exchanging work against accomodation and food. There is wwoof, which organises via national lists, and wwoof independent who aim o create a structure more similar to hospitality exchange networks. Check wwoof.org, Also see helpX

helpX
Similar to wwoofing, but there is no focus on organic farms. Everyone who wants to take volunteers in exchange for food and accomodation can post here. helpx.net Also check wwoof.

pool economy
a group of people creates a “pool” of ressources, which they are willing to share within their pool. Like books, car, workshops, fruit trees, …

peer economy
a form of economy similar to gift economy, in which peer based production and distribution replaces the current system. Whole production and distribution chain works similar to the production of open source software. check out at peerconomy.org .
also see open source and gift economy

bookcrossing.com
a site for sharing books in an international library. There is so called “bookcrossing zones” in bars, cafes, social centres, etc, where you can borrow books, which you can bring back to any other bookcrossing place in any part of the world later on- or open a new zone in your flat!

solidary economy
All forms of solidary, cooperative economic activity, from money based cooperation like fairtrade or financial collectives over exchange-based system like l.e.t.s. to gift donation based forms like freeshops.

joint advertisement
… is when small companies, freelancers, or social organisations are doing their advertising together to reach better publicity.

ecovillage
a village, often inhabited by a community, which has a focus on ecological lifestyle and use of technology. You can find them via intentional communities (ic.org), global ecovillage network (gen.ecovillage.org) or wwoof (wwoof.org) for instance.

rainbow family
is an international, decentral, open movement of people, or cybertribe, which organises ecological gatherings outside in the nature, that usually last for a month from one full moon to the next. The gatherings don’t have a fix programme, Day to day life consists of spontaneous workshops, jams and skillsharing. The rainbow ideal is pacifis, spiritual ecological and grassroots-democratical society, the common ways and strategies how to reach this society are quite vague though. A big part of the movement is quite critical towards technics, whereas many of them communicate about gatherings via internet and might happen that one or the other takes a flight to get there. Central cultural elements of the gathering are for instance the food circle and the “magic hat” donations collection (nobody should be excluded from a rainbow because of not having money).

rainbow gathering
see rainbow family

nonviolent communication
A theory and practical approach to communication described by Marshall B Rosenberg, which aims to create consciousness about hidden violence in our everyday speaking, and to teach people hot to not using violence in our language any more.

permaculture
A form of organic agriculture and a philosophie. The opposite of monoculture. Aims to increase productivity rate not by use of machines, but by researching and creating symbiosises and mutual support in between elements we use in our agriculture (plants, animals, technical equipment, human, …)

dumpster diving
Searching the trash of e.g. supermarkets or wholesale markets for the plenty of food and other ressources whichare thrown away every day even though they are still good. Dumpster divers often do NOT do dumpster diving mainly for reasons of money, but mainly for reasons of social and political conscience. Once you saw the masses of food and goods which thrown each day as “trash”, it can be getting really hard going into supermarkets, buying food there, and keeping to support this waste production chain with your money…

dumpstering
see dumpster diving

containering
= dumpster diving (This word was created by our group during the tour, because the German word for dumpster diving is “containern”). See dumpster diving

mono-x
A word we created to describe that monoculture is more than a form of agriculture, but that our culture is overfull of monocultural approaches towards everything. Also see permaculture.

GMO
= Genetically Modified Organism. Means that genes from a species are inserted into genes of another species, while these two could not have mixed in natural conditions. This technique is used e.g. to create resistencies of plants against certain pests. One main reason for using GMO is though, to gain the power over seed and food production by putting the “inventions” under copyright. This is a fact proved by many cases as the famous fight of Percy Schmeisser, a farmer who was sued because by Monsanto (world’s biggest seed producer) because they found genes of their GMO “Roundup Ready Canola” in his fields. It is a bit weird that Monsanto seems to not know about the well-known fact that you cannot prevent GMO plants from mixing up with all other plants around. Organic farmers should have the right to sue these companies and demand for compensation, not the other way round

vegan
Not eating or using any animal products, mainly as an act of protest against the conditions under which animal products are being produced (animal experiments, cruelties in how animals are forced to live, destruction of rainforest for monocultural soy growing – as animal food for meat production in northern countries, etc etc ).

freegan
In Europe the word is used for people who eat animal products only when they are recycled / dumpstered. (In America the word has a bit of another connotation, but check wikipedia to get more information) . Also see vegan and dumpster diving.

sudbury
is a type of democratic schools named after the “Sudbury Valley School” (US). All over the globe there is about 40 Sudbury schools. Basic elements of sudbury schools are: there are no curriculums, no classes and no courses offered. The main focus in the school is on community and self-organisation, the children get some responsibility and have to learn out how to take it. They learn how to do meetings, etc. There is a lot of information, infrastructure and people to support the kids around, so the children can learn about everything they want to learn in the way they want to learn. It is important that the motivation to do something has to come from the child, and not from the teacher. Also see democratic schools.

democratic schools
Are a type of free schools, which have their main focus on having “democratic” structures in within the school and letting the children learn about self-organisation. Children learn to set rules that everyone can agree with. They are usually not forced to learn anything, but they are encouraged to find out about their own interests and supported in realising goals they set for themselves. Also see Sudbury schools and free schools

popular education
Education of people, usually working class and/or poor people (as the word originates in the history of marxism and class struggles). Since the 70s the term is coined by Paulo Freire, who was active in the alphabetization of poor people in the favelas (ghettos) in Brazil. The most important thing for him, was to not teach people writing and reading for it’s own sake, but as a tool to actively change the life situation they were in. In this approach of education, the people are motivated to come up with their own experiences, wishes and needs, and to bring concrete materials (like telephone contracts, etc) which they are having problems with, to learn read and write. Instead of learning from books with contents which have no connection to their day to day reality.

skillsharing
is when people share skills, which does not need any kind of institution and can happen in various ways. Also see skillsharing network

skillsharing network
is a network in which people come together who want to share their skills with each other (in a noncommercial way). It can organise regional, via meetings, newspapers, etc, or international, via mailinglists or other software. It usually consists of different selforganising subgroups (learning groups). If you want to create a skillsharing network the best is to create a small learning group first, and then to link up wih other groups as a network. Also see skillsharing and travelling school of life. Also see peer-to-peer education and travelling school of life

skillsurfers
Our group! … who travelled as a subgroup of the “travelling school of life” to visit different social projects in Southwestern Europe. The word is made up from skillsharing and couchsurfing. Also check skillsharing, couchsurfing and travelling school of life.

tsolife
see travelling school of life

travelling school of life
an international skillsharing network under construction. The main building lot is working on a software for a social network similar to hospitality exchange networks, but wih focus on learning. Also see skillsharing network (and for the software: hospitality exchange network, crabgrass).

peer-to-peer education
is a form of learning in which one person learns from another person, without one having to be a “teacher”, and the other one being a “student”. The word is related to peer-to-peer technologies in internet, like downloading music p2p, from one computer to another. This form of learning happens in day-to-day life, like when someone offers to teach you some cooking or repairing the car, and also happens in a more “official” way in some types of free schools or in skillsharing networks. Also check skillsharing networks and democratic schools.

paulo freire
An author from Brazil, who was doing alphabetization of poor people in the favelas (Ghettos). His most famous book (which not only people in favelas can learn from!) is “pedagogy of the oppressed”. See popular education

Ivan Illich
A philosopher whose ideas are very close to travelling school of life and skillsharing networks. He critisized not only schools, but also other institutions (as the health system for example). His most well-known book: “Deschooling society”. See skillsharing networks, travelling school of life

free school
Types of school which distance hemselves from the regular school system and try to stroke new paths. There are different types of school which claim to be "free, and have very different approaches to that word. As Steiner and Waldorf schools, Montessori schools, democratic schools (like Sudbury schools) and many other. Some try to take a more holistic approach towards the curriculum, others stress the free will and decision of the child as their main focus. Many of the schools who call themselves a free school are very individual and different. They are influenced by diverse ideas and can’t really be categorized as a certain type of free school. What counts for most of them is that they value the individuality of the child and the community around it more than normal state schools. Also see democratic schools.

bolonia
spanish form of bologna. see bologna.

bologna
a city in italy, which gave name to the “Bologna process”, which aims to reform the Higher Education system in Europe. Official reasons for the reform is to create better standarts and increase the flexibility, e.g. so students can change over more easily from one university in Europe to another. The university degrees of the single countries will be replaces by a Bachelor/Master system, similar to the US. There is lots criticism on Bologna process, as the university will be even more interlinked with economy and business (curriculums, privatization, etc..) then, and students are under stronger pressure and competition than before.

institutionalism
a word we use in the context of criticising institutions in general and peoples believe in them and the service they offer, as the opposite of self organisation of processes.

brueckenschlaeger
A partner project of ours consisting of a network and an agency, and supporting various different social projetcs, as the travelling school of life and skillsurfers for instance. Their projectagency – bureau is based in Berlin, Germany. The website is brueckenschlaeger.org (coming soon in English language)

migrobirdo
A partner project of ours who did a similar tour, but who were sailing with their boat. We wanted to meet up with them and travel together for a bit, but a tragic accident happened in the coast of Marocco while we were travelling in Spain: their ship sank and the crew drowned. Only one girl survived.

squat
an occupied house.

centro social
the Spanish word for social centre

expropriation
is when people are e.g. evicted from their houses by big companies, which is not as unusual in Europe as you might think. We came across 4 cases of expropriation of people by big companies, in our tour and just before we started the tour, which are the following: Escanda, Spain: expropriation of people by the Spanish train company for building a tunnel. Larzac, France: planned expropriation of farmers by the military, which could be prevented by a massive resistance and solidarity movement. Valencia/La Punta, Spain: we watched the documentation about the expropriation of people from a village by the company who was expanding the logistic zone of the Valencian harbour (the film is called A Tornallom). Lakoma, Germany: people were evicted from their village and a nature reservate destroyed by Vattenfall, an energy company, to produce brown coal there.

despossesion
see expropriation

okupa
Catala for squat/occupied house.

fundraising
trying to get money or ressources for your projects from companies, foundations or private people.

wifi
the Spanish/French word for Wireless LAN.

foculizer
Someone who foculises on an organisational ask of a project: (s)he cares for meetings, and reminding others about what they said they’d do, and just to make a task go smoothly. Could say “manager”, too, if that word wouldn’t have such a bad reputation. We used this kind of organisational method in the skillsurfers group (→ foculizers for blog, eventy, contacts, etc….)

nomadbase
a place which is open for people living a nomadic lifestyle to live and feel at home.

open space
can refer to a very open project/place with very few rules on who is allowed to come or not, and also to a method in project management, which works with very few rules. Check nomadbase also.

crabgrass
a software for content management, social networking and project management, specialised on the needs of social projects and groups and of NGOs.

social network
A network is a certain structure in which people act and cooperate. A network can be for example centralized or decentralized (with one “knot”/elite where all contacts and information flow of the network are centralized or with many of those “knots”). Nowadays the term refers mainly to virtual, (centralized) social networks, like facebook, myspace etc, which often are not so “social” actually. But there is also new developments like the development of social networking open source software, which can be used as a tool for creating decentralized and really “social” networks. Also see crabgrass, travelling school of life, hospitality exchange networks

dynamically (doing something)
an insider joke that refers to our internal often chaotic organisation structure…

asamblea
Spanish word for “plenum”. See plenum

plenum
a meeting where all people of a project/group come together to discuss, take decisions, and arrange duties.

queer (theory)
was used for all kinds of “abnormal” people in former times -but now exactly those people have taken back the word and use it for themselves, deconstructing the negative connotation! Queer theory is influenced by poststructuralist philosophers as Foucault, and mainly tries to deconstruct gender roles. Queer people are often gay/lesbian/bisexual/transexual/poly/…. or any other kind of “abnormal”, and believe that sexual identity and gender identity are not “natural” but constructed by society. Queers try to deconstruct these identities. Queer theory is also getting involved into other topics now, but basically keeping a link to sex and gender roles. Also see fre sexuality

polyamoury
Refers to a form of living sexual relationships, which is not monogamic, but tries to avoid the negative connotation of the word “polygamous”. People who define as polyamorous often live non-exclusive longterm relationships, either only one open longterm relation with accepted affairs, or several longterm relationships by the same time.

anarchy
is a society in which there is no hierarchies in between people or in between humans and other forms of life. Anarchists are people who see themselves as striving towards this state of society. There is different streams of anarchist philosophy, like anarcho-communism, anarcho-syndicalism, anarcha-feminism, etc etc. A form of organisation which is favoured by many anarchists is grassroots democracy (at least until there is better forms of avoiding hierarchies). The stereotype anarchist might be the guy in black throwing stones at police, but this picture is actually not quite true. Most anarchists are pretty peaceful and there is various forms of anarchist forms of organisation.

community
the term of course has various meanings. What we refer to in this brochure is an understanding of a community as a self-chosen “family” of people who organise all of (or at least most of) their life together, including emotional and economic aspects of life.

longo mai
an international network of political groups, who are running (commercial organic) farms as well as political projects together.

self organisation
We could write books about this word, but there are many already. wikipedia sais: “Self-organization is a process ... in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases in complexity without being guided or managed by an outside source.” What we refer to as “self organised” or “self organisation” is, that we are doing and were visiting projects, in which the individuals and groups are not determined or ruled by managers from outside, but they are coming together voluntarily to find own organisation structures in within their groups. Indeed we hope that this selforganising “system” increases in complexity and won’t be run over by not-self-organized structures with strong hierachies and few regard of individual needs of people…

betty
our black bus

lutmilla
our white bus

the punk bus
marcus bus which looks a bit punky

the hippie bus
our Rainbow Subamrine, the crazy Swedish bus R.I.P.

Rainbow Submarine
the crazy Swedish bus R.I.P.

tranquilo
Span. for “quiet”

claro
Span. for “sure”