This one has undergone some linguistic shifts:
- The virtue of phrónēsis (practical wisdom) is often translated to the English word “prudence” in older works.
- The Latin prudentia (one of the four Cardinal Virtues) can be something like rationality or foresight or wisdom.
- In current popular use, “prudence” more resembles caution or a conservative skepticism towards innovation (and sometimes even the vice of overcautiousness).
- cunning (a sort of false prudence)
Virtues possibly in tension¶
How to acquire or strengthen it¶
Notes and links¶
- Notes on Prudence (David, LessWrong)
- Positive Psychology News: In Praise of Prudence
- Skills You Need: Risk Management
- Aristotle on prudence (phrónēsis)
- One of The VIA Institute’s "Character Strengths" (see their page)
- One of William De Witt Hyde’s virtues
- “A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.” (Proverbs 22:3)
- “The most decisive actions of our life — I mean those that are most likely to decide the whole course of our future — are, more often than not, unconsidered.” —Andre Gide