The cautious reluctance to believe something without sufficient evidence.

Complementary virtues

Contrasting vices

  • credulity
  • credulousness
  • gullibility
  • superstition

Virtues possibly in tension

How to acquire or strengthen it


Notes and links

Mentioned elsewhere


Inspirational quotes

  • “Those who can make you believe absurdities, can make you commit atrocities.” ―Voltaire
  • “The fact that a believer is happier than a skeptic is no more to the point than the fact that a drunken man is happier than a sober one. The happiness of credulity is a cheap and dangerous quality of happiness, and by no means a necessity of life.” ―George Bernard Shaw