combines confidence, daring, and initiative

Complementary virtues

Contrasting vices

  • chutzpah (vice of excess)
  • nerve (vice of excess)
  • timidity

Virtues possibly in tension

How to acquire or strengthen it


Notes and links

Mentioned elsewhere


Inspirational quotes

  • “All courses of action are risky, so prudence is not in avoiding danger (it’s impossible), but calculating risk and acting decisively. Make mistakes of ambition and not mistakes of sloth. Develop the strength to do bold things, not the strength to suffer.” ―Niccolo Machiavelli
  • “Fortune favors the bold.” ―Virgil