the ability to improvise and to creatively adapt in novel ways to changing circumstances

This is a tough one because it is so close to the vice of “impetuosity.” But people who over-think things can be taking deliberation to the point of a vice, and some things in life (e.g. dancing with a partner, playing jazz) are much better with a practiced ability to improvise and take spontaneous initiative. Being able to strike while the iron is hot, to seize opportunity, are also things that call for spontaneity.

a.k.a. improvisation

Complementary virtues

Contrasting vices

  • impetuosity / impulsivity (vice of excess)
  • lack of impulse control (vice of excess)
  • inhibition
  • over-thinking
  • being predictable, in-a-rut
  • being routine

Virtues possibly in tension

How to acquire or strengthen it


Notes and links


Mentioned elsewhere


Inspirational quotes